Mithapur in Gujarat is home to the Chemicals division of Tata Chemicals Limited. It lies on the western most tip of the Saurashtra peninsula. The most prominent community here is that of Vaghers, Lohanas, Rajputs, Rabaris, Muslims and Harijans are the other communities. The main occupation of the community is agriculture, which depends on the highly erratic monsoon. The economy of the region is also dependent on religious tourism, as Dwarka, Nageshwar and Beyt Dwarka are famous Hindu pilgrim sites of the region.
The Gunnaur, Rajpura and Junawai blocks, where TCSRD has been working since 90’s has now become part of Sambhal district. Agriculture is the predominant occupation, followed by cattle rearing mainly buffaloes and cows. 90 per cent of its population is engaged in agriculture based activities. It covers 75 per cent of the total landmass area. Large scale farming is absent as most of the household practices traditional farming, owning an average 3-6 bigha (1/3 acre). Area has a mix of good alluvial / sandy loose soil, and some pockets of highly saline (usar) land, which is deficient in Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorus (NPK). The ground water level is high with abundant water available at shallow depths.
TCSRD started its community development program in 2005-06 in West Bengal. On the basis of the need assessment and socio economic study, natural resource management, income generation, health, education and infrastructure development programs were initiated in various regions in West Bengal.
Sriperumbudur located in Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu is approximately 50 km from Chennai. We have identified four villages around our plant as our key community area and have started activities on health and livelihood promotion, based on the need assessment done in the area. The area is dominant with scheduled caste/scheduled tribe population and the people are dependent mainly on agriculture / National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme work.